Peter Strickland papers

Summary

Creator: Strickland, Peter, 1837-1921
Date(s): 1857-1912
Call Number: MSS 0171
Language: Materials primarily in English with additional materials in French. Two loose vocabulary sheets for translations for what seems to be the Wolof language of Senegal are included (F6).
Abstract: Peter Strickland (1837-1922) was a shipmaster, merchant, and U.S. consul in the French colony of Senegal. Diaries and letter books of Peter Strickland dating 1857 to 1912. While varying in content, the diaries center around Strickland’s life as a merchant, both on the sea as well as in Senegal. Issues of two French colonial weekly newspapers contextualize the events of the French colony during Strickland’s time there.
Physical Description: 1 linear foot (1 box ) 13 diaries and letter books
Immediate Source of Acquisition: Purchase, 1956.
Processing Information: Processed by Rhonda R. Newton, August 1993. Finding aid encoded by Anna Nuzzolese, September 2018. Finding aid prepared using Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Biographical and Historical Notes

Peter Strickland (1837-1922) was a shipmaster, merchant, and U.S. consul in the French colony of Senegal. He was born and grew up in Montville, Connecticut where he lived until age fifteen. He taught school briefly and then went to sea.

In merchant service, Strickland was made second mater before the age of twenty. He earned a chief’s mate position at age twenty and became a ship master a short time later. Most of his journeys were between New England, the West Indies, South America, and Europe.

He became interested in Africa at the end of the American Civil War. He made more than forty voyages to Africa between 1865 and 1878 as a shipmaster and supercargo. Strickland served as an agent in Bissau, Guinea, in West Africa for a Boston-based business, and eventually moved to Gorée-Dakar in Senegal. After the death of the owner, Matthew Bartlett, Strickland began his own business as a commission agent in 1888.

President Chester Arthur asked Strickland to open a U.S. Consulate in Senegal at Gorée-Dakar. Strickland served as consul beginning in 1884. He returned to the United States sometime between May 1905 and May 1906.

Strickland wrote a book, A Voice from the Deep, published in 1873, about the difficulties of the seaman’s life and possible solutions.

In 1861, Strickland married Mary L. Rogers of New London, Connecticut. They had two sons and two daughters. Strickland died in 1922.

Sources

National Cyclopedia of American Biography. New York: James T. White & Co., 1899. Vol. 9. 502.

Scope and Contents

The Peter Strickland papers consist of thirteen bound volumes and several newspapers, covering the period 1857 to 1912.

Five of the volumes are Strickland’s diaries, from 1857 to 1864, 1876, and then 1904 to 1905. The early diaries, from his sailing career, consist of weather and location data as well as comments on daily events. These vary from how the ship was sailed and crew problems, to Strickland’s religious and literary habits. Despite voyaging between Europe, the West Indies and South America, there are few mentions of the locales as he seemingly never went ashore. Entries also tell of his time in Boston as he looked for a new position between voyages. The 1876 diary dates Strickland’s time as an agent for a Boston business working for a Mr. Barrett and a Captain Skinner. He details life in Bissau and his trading.

The 1904-1905 diary covers a period when Strickland was living in Gorée-Dakar, acting as a commission agent and as U.S. consul.

The letter books cover 1876 to 1887 and 1900 to 1912. Most of these letters are business or personal related; only a few concern consulate-related business. The 1906-1912 book contains business and personal letters written when Strickland was operating out of Dorchester and Boston, Massachusetts. Some of these letters are written in French.

Eleven issues of two French colonial weekly newspapers, Journal Officiel du Sénégat et Dependances and Journal Officiel du L’Afrique Occidental Francaise, are contained in the collection. They summarize the events of the French colony including political events, ship movement, and births and deaths.

Using these materials

Shelving Summary

  • Box 1: Shelved in SPEC MSS record center cartons

Access Information

The collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

MSS 0171, Peter Strickland papers, Special Collections, University of Delaware Library, Newark, Delaware.

Separated Materials

A copy of Strickland’s book A Voice from the Deep is in the Special Collection’s print collection.

Materials Located in Other Repositories

Matthew Bartlett–John F. Brooks Papers, Coll. 157, Manuscripts Collection, G. W. Blunt White Library, Mystic Seaport Museum, Inc.

Conditions Governing Use

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library, https://library.udel.edu/static/purl.php?askspec

Container List

Diary, 1857 Binding for this volume is not attached. Box 1, 1

Two entries from January 1858

Diary, 1859-1863 Box 1, 2
Diary, 1864 Binding for this volume is not attached. Box 1, 3
Diary, 1864 Box 1, 3
Ship's log, 1868-1870 Box 1, 4
Diary, 1876 Box 1, 5

Several pages seem to have been removed from this journal, but when is unknown. As a result, entries begin in late August 1876.

Diary, 1904-1905 Box 1, 6

Two loose vocabulary sheets for translations for what seems to be the Wolof language are included. Wolof is the language of Senegal, where Strickland was based for some time.

Cyclopedia, 1882-1904 Box 1, 7

Several pages seem to have been torn out of this journal.

Copies of letters, 1876-1879 Box 1, 8
Copies of letters, 1900-1904 Box 1, 9

While both personal and business letters are included in the Strickland collection, this set is exclusively business letters.

Copies of letters, 1906-1912 Box 1, 10

While both personal and business letters are included in the Strickland collection, this set is exclusively business letters.

Copies of letters, 1877-1887 Box 1, 11

Included in this set of letters is consulate related business from January 10, 1884.

Copies of letters, 1903-1904 Box 1, 12

These letters are written in both English and French.

Copies of letters, 1880-1881 Box 1, 13

The last page in this journal features a hand-written copy of a telegram, written in French, received by Strickland, which is dated August 26, 1881.

Journal Officiel du Senegat et Dependances , 1888-1904 Box 1, 14

The 9 volumes of this newspaper are in French.

Journal Officiel du L'Afrique Occidental Francaise , 1886 Box 1, 15

The 15 volumes of this newspaper are in French.

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