|Creator:||Brayman, Harold, 1900-1988|
|Call Number:||MSS 0261s|
|Language:||Materials entirely in
|Abstract:||Harold Brayman (1900-1988), a political journalist and former director of the Public Relations Department of Du Pont Company for 21 years, helped establish a concept of public relations which was widely emulated throughout the United States. The Harold Brayman papers supplement, spanning from 1914-1992, contains substantial editions to the original collection, documenting Brayman's dual careers in the fields of journalism and public relations. The collection includes correspondence, memoranda, press releases, speeches, newspaper clippings and articles, photographs, memorabilia and books.|
|Immediate Source of Acquisition:||Gift of Walter Brayman, 1997.|
|Processing Information:||Processed and encoded by John Caldwell, 2018. Finding aid prepared using Describing Archives: A Content Standard|
Harold Brayman (1900-1988), former director of the Public Relations Department of Du Pont Company, retired from that position March 31, 1965. He had headed that activity of the company for 21 years, establishing a concept of public relations which was widely emulated throughout the United States.
Harold Brayman was born on March 10, 1900, at Middleburgh, New York. He received his A.B. degree in 1920 from Cornell University, and was awarded an honorary LL.D. by Gettysburg College in 1965.
Brayman went to Du Pont in 1942 after a distinguished newspaper career of twenty years, fourteen of them spent as Washington correspondent for leading New York and other American dailies. He started his journalistic career as Albany legislative correspondent for various newspapers in New York City and state, and had served briefly in London as a foreign correspondent.
Harold Brayman first went to Washington in 1928 as correspondent of the New York Evening Post. When the Post was sold by the Cyrus H.K. Curtis estate in 1933, he remained with the Curtis organization as Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia Evening Ledger until 1940. From then until 1942, he was a correspondent for Jesse H. Jones' Houston Chronicle. Meanwhile he wrote his syndicated columns, "The Daily Mirror of Washington," 1937-1940, and "Washington Preview," 1940-1942.
As a specialist in reporting and analyzing political events, Brayman attended all national political conventions from 1928 through 1940. He crisscrossed the nation as a correspondent on the presidential campaign trains of Alfred E. Smith in 1928, President Roosevelt in 1932, Alfred M. Landon in 1936, and Wendell L. Wilkie in 1940.
While a correspondent in Washington, Brayman was president of the National Press Club in 1938 and president of the Gridiron Club in 1941, one of the very few Washington correspondents to have been elected president of both of these organizations .
Harold Brayman was appointed assistant director of the Public Relations Department of the Du Pont Company in April 1942, and two years later, upon the death of Ted Joslin, became director, a position he would hold until 1965.
Brayman authored several books, including Corporate Management in a World of Politics (McGraw-Hill, 1967), a book on the public, political, and governmental problems of business; Developing a Philosophy for Business Action (1969); A history of the Lincoln Club of Delaware (1970), with A.O.H. Grier; and The President Speaks off the record… (Dow Jones, 1976), a history of the Gridiron Club.
Brayman was a member of the Board of Visitors of the School of Public Communication, Boston University, from 1951 to 1972, and chairman 1961-1972. He was a member of the Public Relations Advisory Committee of the Manufacturing Chemists Association from 1951 to 1956, serving as chairman from 1951 to 1953; a member of the Sponsoring Committee of the annual Public Relations Seminar from 1952 to 1961; and a trustee of the Foundation for Public Relations Research and Education from 1956 to 1962.
He was a member for many years of the United States Chamber of Commerce Committee on Taxation and of other Chamber committees. Brayman was editor of the Public Relations Journal, organ of the Public Relations Society of America, during 1956; and in 1963 was awarded the citation of the Society for "distinguished service in the advancement of public relations.” He was also named "Public Relations Professional of 1963" by the Public Relations News. In 1965 Brayman was given the "Golden Plate" award of the American Academy of Achievement, the first award of that organization in the field of public relations. He was vice president of the organization from 1966 to 1973.
Active in the affairs of Cornell University, Brayman was a member of the Cornell council, was its chairman from 1961 to 1963, and was also a member of the University's Centennial Celebration Committee . He also served as chairman of the Advisory Council of the Graduate School of Business and Public Administration from 1960 to 1965. Brayman was president of the Cornell Club of Delaware for 1955-1956.
Brayman was a member of the Board of Directors of the Continental American Life Insurance Company and the Greater Wilmington Development Council. He served as a trustee of the Wilmington Medical Center, was a trustee of Gettysburg College, and in 1968 served as the first Corporate Executive in Residence for the American University, Washington, D.C. He was president of the Lincoln Club of Delaware for 1965-1966, and was on the Board of the Wilmington Country Club from 1952 to 1964. He was a member of the Wilmington Club, the Greenville Country Club, the Du Pont Country Club, and Rotary Club of Wilmington; the University Club (N.Y.); and the Gridiron, National Press, and Overseas Writers Clubs in Washington, D.C.
Harold Brayman married Martha Witherspoon Wood on January 25, 1930, and they had two sons, Harold Halliday and Walter Witherspoon. Brayman died in Wilmington on January 3, 1988.
Biographical note adapted from a press release in the collection.
The Harold Brayman papers supplement, spanning from 1914-1992, contains substantial additions to the original collection, documenting Brayman's dual careers in the fields of journalism and public relations. The collection includes correspondence, memoranda, press releases, speeches, newspaper clippings and articles, photographs, memorabilia and books.
The arrangement of the supplement mirrors that of the original collection, dividing the material into three series to parallel Brayman's career and personal activities: Series I. Journalism Career, Series II. Public Relations Career, and Series III. Personal.
Series I, Journalism Career, vividly presents Brayman's role in the circle of newspapermen covering news in New York and Washington, D.C. The correspondence and clippings document his connections and output for a number of journals based in New York, including Knickerbocker Press, Albany Evening News, Middleburgh News, Albany Journal, and the Watertown Times. The club files reflect Brayman's steadfast friendships, his buoyant personality as a leader, and his dedication to journalism. In addition, the subject content of his columns and features, the satire of the Gridiron skits, and his book The President Speaks... all document historical and political events worthy of press in the United States from the 1920s to 1942.
Series II, Public Relations Career, includes a number of Du Pont files, detailing the growing public relations operation under Brayman’s leadership from 1944 to 1965. Additional subseries document Brayman’s involvement in the growing field of public relations, as well as Brayman’s political involvement and the overlap of business, advertising, lobbying and government relations.
Series III, Personal, relates to other personal activities of Harold Brayman. The correspondence files, arranged alphabetically, document Brayman’s early relationships as a newspaper reporter. Other subseries in Series III include biographical information, Brayman’s involvement in academic and other outside organizations, as well as photographs and a subset of Brayman’s personal library.
The collection is open for research.
MSS 0261s, Harold Brayman papers supplement, Special Collections, University of Delaware Library, Newark, Delaware.
MSS 0261, Harold Brayman papers
MSS 0127, Senator John J. Williams papers
MSS 0315, Senator J. Allen Frear, Jr., papers
MSS 0361, Everett C. and Louise Staton Johnson papers
MSS 0568, Lincoln Club of Delaware records
Archives of the E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company are located at the Hagley Museum & Library, 200 Hagley Creek Road, Wilmington, DE 19807.
Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library, https://library.udel.edu/static/purl.php?askspec
The newspaper clippings in this subseries (many of which have been copied onto acid free paper for preservation) were collected by Harold Brayman and his family (wife, Martha and sons, Harold and Walter) to document Brayman's career in both New York and Washington. These have been arranged in approximate chronological order, following the original order of the clippings as removed from the boxes. Many of the articles are undated with no citation. Dates are lacking on many of the articles, but the arrangement of the articles provide a steady record of Brayman’s early journalistic career, primarily from the 1920s.
The clippings include some of Brayman's earliest work as a reviewer of vaudeville and movies at Proctor's Grand (Middleburgh or Watertown, New York?), 1922-1924. His later New York articles appeared in the Knickerbocker Press and Albany Evening News, the Middleburgh News, the Albany Journal, and the Watertown Times, covering the New York state legislature and the career of Governor Al Smith.
Issues reflected in these articles include legislative debate on the repeal of prohibition and related legislation both in New York and Washington, Governor Smith's 1928 presidential campaign, New York state politics, and the first year of President Hoover’s administration.
|Clippings, 1922||Box 1, 1|
|Clippings, 1923||Box 1, 2|
|Clippings, 1924||Box 1, 3|
|Clippings, 1925||Box 1, 4|
|Clippings, 1926||Box 1, 5|
|Clippings, 1927||Box 1, 6|
|Clippings. 1 of 2, 1928||Box 1, 7|
|Clippings. 2 of 2, 1928||Box 1, 8|
|Clippings. 1 of 3, 1929||Box 1, 9|
|Clippings. 2 of 3, 1929||Box 1, 10|
|Clippings. 3 of 3, 1929||Box 1, 11|
|Clippings, 1930-1940||Box 1, 12|
|Clippings, Undated||Box 1, 13|
This subseries includes drafts of news articles; Brayman’s 1928 press pass for the New York Department of Public Works; a 1931 submission to the Pulitzer committee; an annotated script of “What Price Glory?”, a 1924 play by Maxwell Anderson and Laurence Stallings; correspondence with his editors at the Philadelphia Evening Public Ledger; and invitations for social events in Washington during his time as a correspondent in the city.
|Drafts For News Articles. 1 of 3, Undated, 1920s - 1940||Box 1, 14|
|Drafts For News Articles. 2 of 3, Undated||Box 1, 15|
|Drafts For News Articles. 3 of 3, Undated, 1939||Box 1, 16|
|Draft News Articles, World War II, 1940-1942||Box 1, 17|
|What Price Glory, Annotated Script||Box 1, 18|
|New York Legislative Correspondent Pass, Department of Public Works, 1928||Box 1, 19|
|Pulitzer Submission, 1931||Box 1, 20|
|Invitations to D.C. Events, 1930s||Box 1, 21|
|Correspondence with Evening Public Ledger Editors, 1934-1940||Box 1, 22|
The National Press Club was formed in 1908 by a small group of Washington newspapermen for both professional and social purposes. The membership of the Club grew, and by 1928 they had built and moved to the National Press Club Building. The Club hosted dinners, programs, and special events, attracting special guests such as celebrities like Sarah Bernhardt or Charles Lindbergh, and statesmen such as presidents and ambassadors. Brayman served as president of the Club in 1938 and among the speakers he engaged were UK Prime Minister Anthony Eden.
Content in this subseries includes correspondence and clippings about Brayman’s election as National Press Club president, material related to the November 19, 1938 annual dinner, which included as a guest of honor President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and newspaper clippings about the National Press Club. There are two items from the Women’s National Press Club—an invitation to a 1930 event and the program for a performance of Nice Work If You Can Get It.
|National Press Club, 1937-1938||Box 1, 23|
|National Press Club Dinner Programs, 1933-1940||Box 1, 24|
|National Press Club Clippings, 1933-1938||Box 1, 25|
|Women's National Press Club||Box 1, 26|
In 1933, Harold Brayman was elected a member of the Gridiron Club, a select group of Washington correspondents and newspapermen whose primary function since their organization in 1885 was to hold an annual dinner to roast politicians and the national political parties.
The Gridiron dinners had become a Washington institution by the time Brayman began attending them. By tradition, the President of the United States was invited to the dinner where he was roasted, toasted, and given the opportunity to address the Club members and their distinguished guests. In turn, a leading figure of the opposition party was invited to deliver a response. These speeches and the political satire of the Club's songs and skits were delivered in good humor. Yet the content of these speeches, songs, and skits -- many of which are preserved in this subseries -- reflect the political tensions and issues of each administration.
Brayman presided as president of the club in 1941 and attended nearly every dinner from 1929 until 1987 when illnesses prevented him from attending. This subseries includes a large collection of clippings reporting on the dinners and their attendees, dinner programs and scripts, invitations, and a small collection of correspondence from Brayman’s time as president of the club.
|Gridiron Club Clippings, 1934-1992||Box 1, 27|
|Invitations, 1935-1949, Undated||Box 2, 28|
|Correspondence, 1940-1941||Box 2, 29|
|Roster, Guest List, 1945-1955, Undated||Box 2, 30|
|Dinner Script, December, 1936||Box 2, 31|
|Dinners, 1940||Box 2, 32|
|Dinner Script, April 1941||Box 2, 33|
|Picnic, June 1946||Box 2, 34|
|Dinner Programs, 1967, 1970, 1979||Box 2, 35|
|Dinner Script, March 1977||Box 2, 36|
|Dinner Script, March 1978||Box 2, 37|
|Dinner Script, March 15, 1980||Box 2, 38|
|Dinner, March 1981||Box 2, 39|
|Dinner Script, March 1982||Box 2, 40|
|Dinner Script, March 1984||Box 2, 41|
|Dinner program, March 1990||Box 2, 42|
|Songs and Skits, Undated||Box 2, 43|
|Dinner Script, Undated||Box 2, 44|
|Dinner Script, December 12 [no year]||Box 2, 45|
In 1971, Harold Brayman -- a member of the Gridiron club since 1933, retiree, and the author of Corporate Management in a World of Politics -- began planning to write his second major book. He wanted to write a history of the Club that would "throw some of the Gridiron glow on political developments since 1885 and planned an outline with chapters on each of the presidents of the United States. Brayman was able to gain the approval and permission of the Gridiron Club executive committee to quote from its off-the-record archives of speeches, songs, and skit scripts. In addition, he obtained permission to quote from persons still then living who had spoken at the Gridiron dinners. The resulting book was titled The President Speaks Off the Record: from Grover Cleveland to Gerald Ford... Historic Evenings with America's leaders, the Press, and other men of power at Washington's most exclusive club--the Gridiron.
This subseries contains some notes gathered during the writing process, reviews and advertisements for the book, and correspondence congratulating Brayman on the book.
|Notes for Book||Box 2, 46|
|Correspondence, bulk||Box 2, 47|
|Clippings, 1976-1977, 1985||Box 2, 48|
Programs for dinners hosted by numerous clubs, including the White House Correspondents Association and the Alfalfa Club.
|Testimonial Dinner to Byron J. Lewis, May 4, 1929||Box 2, 49|
|White Correspondence Dinner, 1935, 1937, 1938||Box 2, 50|
|Dinner Party Guest List, A.A.D. Rahn, July 12, 1939||Box 2, 51|
|Alfalfa Club Dinner, 1939, 1941||Box 2, 52|
The Harold Brayman papers contained only a small amount of material related to his career at DuPont, and of what is available here the material is mostly personal. Brayman's complete files from the public relations department of DuPont are company records and as such are stored with the DuPont company archives at the Hagley Museum and Library in Wilmington.
This subseries complements the “DuPont archives” found in the original collection, and expands the documentation of Brayman's role as director of the public relations department. The files include correspondence, memoranda and reports to the DuPont board of directors and executives such as Walter S. Carpenter, Jr., and Crawford H. Greenewalt, including specific reports about the importance of DuPont's corporate image, as well as a number of files chronicling the 1950s antitrust case for GM-DuPont and more general DuPont activities and outreach during his 20+ year tenure with the company.
Incoming and outgoing correspondence maintained by Brayman while Director of Public Relations for the DuPont Company. The correspondents include other DuPont employees and divisions; members of Congress, congressional committees, politicians and judges; public relations professionals at other companies and organizations, including U.S. Steel (especially Phelps Adams), Standard Oil Company, Manufacturing Chemists’ Association, General Motors, Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, Borden Company, Chamber of Commerce of the United States; faculty from numerous universities, including the University of Delaware, University of Miami, SUNY, Cornell and Boston University; newspapers and publishers; research firms; and friends and colleagues. This subseries include some memoranda, as well as news clippings and other enclosures accompanying particular correspondence. Some correspondence dates to his time as editor of the Public Relations Journal and relates to the Public Relations Seminar program and other public relations education and professional issues not directly related to Brayman’s work at DuPont. Contents generally arranged by month and year.
|Correspondence, 1954||Box 2, 1|
|Correspondence, March 1954||Box 2, 2|
|Correspondence, April 1954||Box 2, 3|
|Correspondence, June 1954||Box 2, 4|
|Correspondence, July 1954||Box 2, 5|
|Correspondence, 1956||Box 2, 6|
|Correspondence, Jan 1957||Box 2, 7|
|Correspondence, Feb 1957||Box 2, 8|
|Correspondence, March 1957||Box 2, 9|
|Correspondence, April 1957||Box 2, 10|
|Correspondence, May 1957||Box 2, 11|
|Correspondence, June 1957||Box 2, 12|
|Correspondence, July 1957||Box 2, 13|
|Corrsepondence, Aug. 1957||Box 2, 14|
|Corrsepondence, Sept. 1957||Box 2, 15|
|Correspondence, Oct. 1957||Box 2, 16|
|Correspondence, Nov. - Dec. 1957||Box 2, 17|
|Correspondence - Chamber of Commerce, 1957||Box 2, 18|
|Correspondence - Memos, 1957||Box 2, 19|
|Correspondence, 1958||Box 2, 20|
|Correspondence, Jan. 1959||Box 2, 21|
|Correspondence, Feb. 1959||Box 2, 22|
|Correspondence, Mar. 1959||Box 3, 23|
|Correspondence, Apr. 1959||Box 3, 24|
|Correspondence, May 1959||Box 3, 25|
|Correspondence, June 1959||Box 3, 26|
|Correspondence, July 1959||Box 3, 27|
|Correspondence, Aug. 1959||Box 3, 28|
|Correspondence, Sept. 1959||Box 3, 29|
|Correspondence, Oct. 1959||Box 3, 30|
|Correspondence, Nov. 1959||Box 3, 31|
|Correspondence, Dec. 1959||Box 3, 32|
In his role as head of the Public Relations department, Brayman was responsible for keeping the DuPont Executive Committee informed on the company’s public relations apparatus, and the state of the public relations industry. The reports in this subseries, authored by Brayman for the Executive Committee, show the work and successes of the company’s public relations presence and provide a history of DuPont’s development during the mid-20th century.
The reports, arranged chronologically, document major activities of the department over a given period, include formal requests for changing departmental operations (e.g. changing publication schedules for Better Living) and information on the department’s budget. The reports also provide an overview of public relations and public perceptions of industry in the United States as a whole, showing the year-by-year development of public relations industry and Americans perspectives on business; discuss the broader public relations strategy and goals for the DuPont Company; and document the growing involvement of public relations and corporate engagement in civic and governmental affairs.
This subseries also includes other, “one-off” reports to DuPont executives on wider company issues, such as recruitment and executive incentives, requests for special projects (e.g. producing a film based on the booklet This is DuPont), conference reports, political analysis on the effects of government policy on business, and a 1945 report about DuPont’s work with the government on “the development of the use of atomic energy.”
|Executive Committee Reports, 1946-1948||Box 3, 33|
|Executive Committee Reports, 1949-1952||Box 3, 34|
|Executive Committee Reports, 1953-1956||Box 3, 35|
|Executive Committee Reports, 1957||Box 3, 36|
|Executive Committee Reports, 1958||Box 3, 37|
|Executive Committee Reports, 1959||Box 3, 38|
|Executive Committee Reports, 1960||Box 3, 39|
|Executive Committee Reports, 1961||Box 3, 40|
|Executive Committee Reports, 1962||Box 3, 41|
|Executive Committee Reports, 1963||Box 3, 42|
|Executive Committee Reports, 1964||Box 3, 43|
|Executive Committee Reports, 1965||Box 3, 44|
In 1949, the United States government sues the DuPont Company for violating federal antitrust law, claiming that DuPont’s 23% ownership of General Motors protected DuPont from fairly competing for GM’s business. In 1917, DuPont invested $25 million in GM stock; three years later, after a stock market crash, DuPont took on GM’s (and its president and founder William Durant) debt, eventually owning almost 40% of the company. By World War II, DuPont had reduced its ownership stake to 23%. In 1947, GM was purchasing 68% of its paint and 38% of its fabric from DuPont, a business relationship which led the Truman administration to launch its investigation in 1948.
After a grand jury decided to not bring charges against DuPont or GM, the government filed a civil suit against DuPont, GM, members of the DuPont family and a number of Delaware-based investment companies used by DuPont in 1949. In 1954, District Judge Walter LaBuy ruled in favor of DuPont. The Eisenhower administration appealed the decision to the Supreme Court, who heard the case in November 1956. In 1957, the Supreme Court ruled for the government, ordering the case back to the District Court to develop a strategy for DuPont to dispose its GM stock.
In 1959, another round of court proceedings began. In October 1959, Judge LaBuy ruled that DuPont could keep some of its GM stock under certain conditions; this ruling was beneficial to DuPont, who faced a possible $1 billion tax bill as a result of the divestiture. The government again appealed, and in 1961, the Supreme Court ordered DuPont to sell all of its stock. In order to minimize the effect of selling 63 million shares (valued at $2.9 billion), Congress passed a special law minimizing the tax liability for the divestiture. The final sale of stock occurred in 1965.
Records in this subseries, including reports, correspondence, internal DuPont communications, statements and press releases, issue summaries/histories, court records, summaries of daily court proceedings and draft legislation, document the suit from the DuPont perspective.
|Antitrust Lawsuit - Correspondence, Statements, Draft Bills, 1 of 2, 1949-1961||Box 3, 45|
|Antitrust Lawsuit - Correspondence, Statements, Draft Bills, 2 of 2, 1949-1961||Box 3, 46|
|Antitrust Lawsuit, 1958||Box 3, 47|
|Antitrust Lawsuit - Daily Summaries, Feb. 16, 1959 - April 9, 1959||Box 3, 48|
|Antitrust Lawsuit - The Frear Bill, 1958-1962||Box 4, 49|
|Antitrust Lawsuit - Frear Bill - Correspondence, 1958-1960||Box 4, 50|
|General Motors Suit Correspondence, 1959||Box 4, 51|
|Antitrust Lawsuit - Final Judgement and HR 8847, 1961-1962||Box 4, 52|
|Du Pont- General Motors Divestment, 1961-1962||Box 4, 53|
|Antitrust Lawsuits, Cellophane and General Motors, 1956-1959||Box 4, 54|
This subseries contains a number of files relating to the DuPont Company generally and Brayman’s involvement with other issues and aspects of the company. Includes clippings and announcements about Brayman’s appointment as PR director in 1944 and his retirement in 1965; information about DuPont’s involvement with research into atomic energy and the atom bomb; reports and memoranda regarding DuPont business and public perception during World War II; memoranda, speeches and reports on DuPont chemical research and patents; information about the DuPont Educators’ Conference and other outreach programs; correspondence and research into employee-management relations; and the Brayman-DuPont relationship with the Wilmington News-Journal.
The DuPont family owned the News Journal Company, the forerunner to the Wilmington News Journal, until 1927, when it became a subsidiary of Christiana Securities, a holding company for DuPont. In his role as head of Public Relations for DuPont, Brayman also had some interaction with the News Journal. The folder in this subseries relates primarily to the editorial principles for the publication, as well as some correspondence and clippings.
|Brayman Appointment and Retirement from DuPont, 1944, 1965||Box 4, 55|
|DuPont in World War II, 1942-1944||Box 4, 56|
|Research and Patents, 1942-1944, Undated||Box 4, 57|
|PR Outreach Programs, 1942, 1969||Box 4, 58|
|DuPont and the Atom Bomb, 1947, 1962||Box 4, 59|
|Nylon, 1949||Box 4, 60|
|Wilmington News Journal, Principles, 1954-1964||Box 4, 61|
|DuPont Educators' Conference, June 1958||Box 4, 62|
|Activity Log, Harold Brayman, Nov. 27, 1959||Box 4, 63|
|DuPont Employee - Management Relations, 1961, Undated||Box 4, 64|
|Cigarettes, Undated||Box 4, 65|
Part of the growth of the public relations field included a growing relationship between business and the government. During Brayman’s time as Public Relations director, DuPont developed, as part of their public relations work, a team to review legislation and interact with politicians at the state and national level. Brayman recognized the “political problem of business” and worked to create the framework for a robust and positive relationship between DuPont and politicians at all levels, and included such issues as political contributions by businesses to political candidates, the appropriate way for DuPont staff (at all levels) to be civically engaged and the intersection of politics and conducting business abroad.
This subseries contains memoranda and correspondence establishing DuPont’s government relations operation, as well as his personal political involvement. Brayman was a conservative, and active in the both the Delaware and national Republican Party. He regularly contributing to the party as well as particular candidates and campaign committees and corresponded with politicians and political operatives. From his time covering New York and national politics, Brayman was an astute political observer, and this subseries contains analysis of state and federal elections from 1948 through the 1960s.
This subseries also includes correspondence with a number of prominent Delaware politicians: Senators John J. Williams, J. Caleb Boggs and J. Allen Frear; Representatives Harry Haskell, Jr, William Roth, Herbert Warburton and J. Caleb Boggs; and Delaware Governor Russell Peterson. Other Republican politicians corresponding with Brayman include Senator Thruston Morton (KY), chairman of the Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee and Presidents Dwight Eisenhower and Richard Nixon, as well as numerous Republican candidates across the country and Republican National Committee officials. Brayman’s relationship with Richard Nixon was especially good; as part of Nixon’s 1968 campaign, Brayman served on the Personal Relations Committee for campaign. This involvement is documented in the last folder of the subseries.
Records in this subseries are related to materials in subseries II.A.2, Executive Committee Reports and II.A.3., DuPont Antitrust Suit.
|Politics, 1 of 2, 1942-1960, Undated||Box 4, 66|
|Politics, 2 of 2, 1942-1960, Undated||Box 4, 67|
|Politics, 1961||Box 4, 68|
|Politics, 1962||Box 4, 69|
|Politics, 1963||Box 4, 70|
|Politics, 1964||Box 4, 71|
|Politics, 1965||Box 4, 72|
|Politics, 1966||Box 4, 73|
|Politics, 1967||Box 4, 74|
|Politics, 1968||Box 4, 75|
|Politics, Public Relations Committee, United Citizens for Nixon-Agnew, 1968||Box 4, 76|
This subseries includes speeches made by Harold Brayman, both as a journalist and a public relations professional. These speeches were presented to diverse audiences, including press organizations, business groups, professional associations and clubs such as the Rotary in Wilmington.
The topics of these speeches reflect the power of the press, covering politics in Washington, D.C., the role of American business, and the relations between business, the public and the government. Interesting speeches representative of the diverse audiences and topics in this subseries include a speech on how reporters cover World War II, an address to the winners of the Cabot prize at Columbia University, a speech to the Delaware State Nurses Association on the chemical industry and how it offers great “promises for the improvement of the world,” and a lunch club talk.
This subseries also includes speeches from James Wright and Reese Taylor, a “rating” from one of Brayman’s speeches, and a file of notes and speech topic ideas kept by Brayman.
|James Wright to Philadelphia Electric Co. Employee Association, Feb. 5, 1935||Box 4, 77|
|Speech, a Political Observer Looks at Washington, 1938-1939||Box 4, 78|
|Note cards, How the Washington Correspondents Cover the War News, 1939-1942||Box 4, 79|
|Note cards, Wednesday Lunch Club, May 4, approx. 1939-1942||Box 4, 80|
|Winners of Cabot Prizes, Columbia University, Note cards and Drafts, 1941||Box 4, 81|
|Reese H. Taylor to Newspaper Section, PACA Convention, July 1, 1941||Box 4, 82|
|Note cards, National Institute of Commercial and Trade Organization Executives, August 23, 1941||Box 4, 83|
|Note cards, 1942 Speech on Economy and Society, 1942||Box 4, 84|
|Speech to Delaware State Nurses Association, Jan. 21, 1943||Box 4, 85|
|Rotary Club of Wilmington Speech, Jan. 7, 1982||Box 4, 86|
|Speech Announcement, Delaware News Club, Oct. 14, 1967||Box 4, 87|
|Speech Rating, "Winning Favorable Action - A Case Study", Undated||Box 4, 88|
|Speech Notes, Ideas, Resources, Undated||Box 4, 89|
This subseries contains a small amount of material documenting Brayman's professional affiliations in the area of public relations, including his involvement with Public Relations News, the journal of the Public Relations Society of America which he served as editor in 1956. A bound copy of volume 12 of Public Relations News (1956) is included in Series III. E, Realia and miscellaneous items. The newsletter was founded and edited by Denny Griswold in 1944, and the publication grew in substance and reputation with the emerging field of public relations. In 1963, the publication awarded Brayman the "Public Relations Professional of the Year” award.
This subseries also includes correspondence related to the Public Relations Seminar, established in 1952 "to permit advanced discussion of major public relations problems" (Brayman served on the Public Relations Seminar Committee from 1952 until 1961); correspondence on the People-to-People program, an initiative of the Public Relations Committee; clippings on public relations topics; brochures from various public relations conferences and meetings; correspondence from the Princeton Panel, a Princeton initiative to teach and study American capitalism; and reviews from Harold Brayman’s 1967 book Corporate Management in a World of Politics: the Public, Political, and Governmental Problems of Business. The book reflected observations from his dual careers in corporate public relations and in journalism reporting on government and politics. Brayman's basic messages were that public opinion is the dominant force in government and business that communicators are the power elite, and that leadership is needed to shape public opinion. The book was successful with its targeted audience and won the Academy of Management Book Award in 1967.
|Public Relations Journal, 1955, 1957||Box 4, 90|
|Public Relations Presentations, Clippings, 1956-1970||Box 4, 91|
|Princeton Panel - Center for Study and Learning American Capitalism, 1957||Box 4, 92|
|People-to-People Program, Public Relations Committee, 1957||Box 4, 93|
|Public Relations Seminar, 1957, 1970||Box 4, 94|
|Public Relations Profession of 1963 Award, 1963||Box 4, 95|
|Corporate Management in a World of Politics, Reviews, 1967-198, Undated||Box 4, 96|
|Public Relations and the Government, Articles, 1967-1968||Box 4, 97|
This subseries contains the correspondence file maintained by Brayman during his college days and the early part of his journalistic career, especially his years covering New York politics. Much of the correspondence is between Brayman and his editors, including Hans Adamson at the New York Evening Post, and C.M. Morrison and Stanley Walker at the Philadelphia Evening Public Ledger, as well as editors from other publications looking to reprint Brayman’s pieces, as well as sources and subjects. Included with his professional correspondence a sizeable amount of personal correspondence, documenting personal relationships in and around New York State, as well as some work Brayman did as a teacher in New Jersey in the early 1920s. These files are arranged alphabetically by correspondent.
The folder “Miscellaneous Correspondence,” contains personal and professional, correspondence that were found sporadically throughout the collection, many of which date to Brayman’s journalism career in Washington, D.C. These letters are arranged chronologically.
|Correspondence - A, 1923-1930||Box 5, 1|
|Correspondence - B, 1917-1931||Box 5, 2|
|Correspondence - C, 1920-1930||Box 5, 3|
|Correspondence - D, 1920-1930||Box 5, 4|
|Correspondence - E-F, 1915-1927||Box 5, 5|
|Correspondence - G, 1918-1927||Box 5, 6|
|Correspondence - H, 1919-1930||Box 5, 7|
|Correspondence - J-L, 1920-1930||Box 5, 8|
|Correspondence - M, 1916-1930||Box 5, 9|
|Correspondence - N-O, 1918-1931||Box 5, 10|
|Correspondence - N-R, 1918-1920||Box 5, 11|
|Correspondence - N-R, 1920-1930||Box 5, 12|
|Correspondence - S, 1916-1930||Box 5, 13|
|Correspondence - T-V, 1916-1930||Box 5, 14|
|Correspondence - W, 1918-1929||Box 5, 15|
|Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1920-1983, Undated||Box 5, 16|
This subseries contains biographical information about Harold Brayman. There are two small groups of material: Biographical and Commemorative.
The biographical material includes multiple copies of Brayman’s CV, a narrative history of his “experience of Presidents” (written in the first person), copies of personal security questionnaires, registration cards, birthday party guest lists and birthday correspondence from President Reagan.
The commemorative material includes Brayman’s obituaries, the program from his memorial service, copies of eulogies and other remarks delivered at Brayman’s service, and a number of condolence cards and letters from family, friends, former colleagues and public officials.
|Narrative CVs, 1954-1982, Undated||Box 5, 17|
|"My Experience of Presidents", Undated||Box 5, 18|
|Personal Security Questionnaires, 1950-1960||Box 5, 19|
|Miscellaneous Biographical Material, 1942-1986, Undated||Box 5, 20|
|Obituaries, 1988||Box 5, 21|
|Memorial Service Program and Remarks, Jan 6, 1988||Box 5, 22|
|Condolence Messages 1, 1988||Box 5, 23|
|Condolence Messages 2, 1988||Box 5, 24|
|Condolence Messages 3, 1988||Box 5, 25|
|Condolence Messages 4, 1988, 1991||Box 5, 26|
|Condolence Messages 5, 1988||Box 5, 27|
As Brayman reached the end of his professional career and entered retirement, he continued to be an active member in social organizations. Activities documented in this subseries include awards of recognition, participation in the Wilmington Rotary Club, the Lincoln Club of Delaware, and the Visiting Nurses Association, and the American Academy of Achievement. Brayman received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement in 1965, and served as a vice president of the Academy from 1967 to 1969.
In 1961, Brayman was elected chair of the Cornell University Council, a position in which he served until 1963. In 1965, Brayman was awarded an honorary degree from Gettysburg College, and provided the commencement address. In 1968, American University appointed Brayman as their Corporate Executive in Residence. In 1969, Brayman traveled with International House New Orleans on a trade promotion mission. As part of the mission, Brayman wrote a series of articles for the New Orleans Times-Picayune documenting the trip. Additional trade and International House articles appeared in 1971.
|Involvement, General, 1961-1979, Undated||Box 5, 28|
|Cornell University, Chair of Cornell University Council, 1961-1963||Box 5, 29|
|Awards and Recognitions, 1963-1968||Box 5, 30|
|Gettysburg College, Honorary Degree and Commencement Address, 1965||Box 5, 31|
|American Academy of Achievement, 1967-1969||Box 5, 32|
|American University, Corporate Executive on Residence, 1968||Box 5, 33|
|Articles by Brayman in retirement, 1969, 1971, 1986||Box 5, 34|
Six photograph prints and one slide.
The realia and miscellaneous items in the collection include certificates given to Brayman, books and periodicals from Brayman’s library, including the 1956 run of Public Relations News (this was the year Brayman served as editor) and Menckeniana, a journal published by the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore about the life and work of H. L. Mencken (Brayman was a member of the H.L. Mencken Society of Delaware), a personal and professional card catalog and several personal items and mementos as described below.
|Card Catalog||Card catalog of professional and personal contacts maintained by Brayman. Arranged alphabetically.||Box 8|
|Card, Management Advises... Voting Republican||Box 6, 36|
|Certificate, University of the State of New York State Scholarship in Cornell University, 1916 June 3||Box 6, 37|
|Certificate, Gettysburg College, in memoriam resolution of sympathy and appreciation by the Board of Trustees to the Brayman family, 1988 March 5||Box 6, 38|
|Certificate, Marquis Who's Who Publication Board, Biographical Record Certificate, Who's Who in the World 9th Edition, 1989-1990||Box 6, 39|
|Guide, Cyrano de Bergerac||Box 6, 40|
|Guide, Katherine Cornell, A Gallery of State Portraits||Box 6, 41|
|Notes, Sculpture||Box 6, 42|
|Current History. New York Times Company: October, 1934||Box 6, 43|
|Letter, Phillip Wingate to Martha Brayman re. Mencken Diary, 1990 June 7||Box 6, 44|
Letter included with issues of Menckeniana.
|Menckeniana, A Quarterly Review . Enoch Pratt Free Library: Baltimore, MD: Spring 1985||Box 6, 45|
|Menckeniana, A Quarterly Review . Enoch Pratt Free Library: Baltimore, MD: Winter 1985||Box 6, 45|
|Menckeniana, A Quarterly Review . Enoch Pratt Free Library: Baltimore, MD: Spring 1986||Box 6, 45|
|Menckeniana, A Quarterly Review . Enoch Pratt Free Library: Baltimore, MD: Summer 1986||Box 6, 45|
|Menckeniana, A Quarterly Review . Enoch Pratt Free Library: Baltimore, MD: Fall 1986||Box 6, 45|
|Menckeniana, A Quarterly Review . Enoch Pratt Free Library: Baltimore, MD: Winter 1986||Box 6, 45|
|Menckeniana, A Quarterly Review . Enoch Pratt Free Library: Baltimore, MD: Spring 1987||Box 6, 45|
|Menckeniana, A Quarterly Review . Enoch Pratt Free Library: Baltimore, MD: Summer 1987||Box 6, 45|
|Menckeniana, A Quarterly Review . Enoch Pratt Free Library: Baltimore, MD: Winter 1987||Box 6, 45|
|Public Relations Journal. Volume # 12, 1956. Public Relations Society Inc.: New York, 1956||Box 6|
This was the year that Brayman was editor of the Public Relations JournalJournal.
|Public Utilities Fortnightly. Public Utilities Reports, Inc.: October 30, 1930||Box 6, 46|
|Public Utilities Fortnightly. Public Utilities Reports, Inc.: June 11, 1931||Box 6, 46|
|Public Utilities Fortnightly. Public Utilities Reports, Inc.: November 26, 1931||Box 6, 47|
|Public Utilities Fortnightly. Public Utilities Reports, Inc.: November 23, 1933||Box 6, 47|
|Public Utilities Fortnightly. Public Utilities Reports, Inc.: July 30, 1936||Box 6, 48|
|Alexander, Holmes. To Covet Honor, A Biography of Alexander Hamilton. Western Islands: Belmont, MA, 1977. Inscription from the author||Box 7|
Brayman wrote a review of the book, which is also included in the collection.
|Review, To Covet Honor, A Biography of Alexander Hamilton , 1977 June 23||Box 6, 49|
Originally folderd and inserted into book.
|Buckley, James L. If Men Were Angels: A View from the Senate. G.P. Putnam's Sons: New York, 1975. Inscription from the author to Harold Brayman||Box 7|
|The Builders of Cornell. Cornell University: Ithaca, N.Y., nd||Box 7|
|Compiled by Young, Charles V.P. Cornell in Pictures: The First Century. Quill and Dagger Alumni Association: Ithaca, N.Y., 1965||Box 7|
|Copeland Pamela C. and Richard K. MacMaster. The George Masons, Patriots and Planters of Virginia and Maryland. University of Virginia: Charlottesville, VA, 1975. Inscription to Harold and Mrs. Brayman from author||Box 7|
|Dodge, Arthur J. A Short Story of Newspapers, Newspapermen, and Newspapermen's Clubs In the Life of the National Capital. np, Washington, D.C., 1942||Box 7|
|Dunn, Arthur Wallace. Politics and People, The Ordeal of Self-Government in America. Amo Press: New York, 1974||Box 7|
|Gridiron Club. Book of the Gridiron Club. Gridiron Club: Washington, D.C, 1925||Box 7|
|Gridiron Club. Book of the Gridiron Club. Gridiron Club: Washington, D.C, 1928||Box 7|
|Gridiron Club. Book of the Gridiron Club. Gridiron Club: Washington, D.C, 1934||Box 7|
|Gridiron Club. Book of the Gridiron Club. Gridiron Club: Washington, D.C, 1937||Box 7|
|Gridiron Club. Book of the Gridiron Club. Gridiron Club: Washington, D.C, 1944||Box 7|
|Gridiron Club. Book of the Gridiron Club. Gridiron Club: Washington, D.C, 1947||Box 7|
|Gridiron Club. Book of the Gridiron Club. Gridiron Club: Washington, D.C, 1988||Box 7|
|James Free. The First 100 Years! A Casual Chronicle of the Gridiron Club 1885-1985. The Gridiron Club: Washington, D.C.,1985||Box 7|
|Kiplinger W. M. Washington is Like That. Harper & Brothers Publishers: New York & London, 1942. Inscription from author to Harold Brayman||Box 7|
|Morley, Frank. The Great North Road, A Journey in History. The Macmillan Company: New York, 1961. Included on the cover page is a 1961 review by Harold Brayman||Box 7|
Inlay, bio of author.
|Inlay, Biography of Frank Morley, Author, The Great North Road , 1961||Box 6, 50|
Inlay originally folded and included in book.
|National Press Club. shrdlu An Affectionate Chronicle, 1908-1958. National Press Club: Washington, D.C.,1958||Box 7|
|Stephenson, Grace and Gilbert. We Came Home to Warren Place. Alfred Williams & Co.: Raleigh, N.C., 1958. Autographed copy||Box 7|
|Taylor, Henry J. Address, Why Germany's Treadmill Mislead the British. Institute on Public Affairs: Charlottesville, VA, 1941. Inscription from author to Harold Brayman||Box 7|
|Walker, Ernest George. Forty-Eight Gridiron Years. Gridiron Club: Washington, D.C., 1933||Box 7|
These items have been cataloged and are stored in the Special Collections non-circulating collection.
|Ball, Frances S. T. The History of the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America In the State of Delaware. np, nd|
|University of Delaware Special Collections|
|Bissel, Alfred E. Tuscarora Recollections. Anthoensen Press: Wilmington, DE, 1965||Inscription to Harold Brayman from the author.|
|University of Delaware Special Collections|
|Du Pont Facts Book. Public Relations Department: March, 1950|
|University of Delaware Special Collections|
|Hoover After Dinner, Addresses Delivered by Herbert Hoover before the Gridiron Club of Washington, D.C. With Other Informal Speeches. Charles Scribner's Son's: New York & London, 1933|
|University of Delaware Special Collections|
|McClung Fleming, E. A Tribute to Charles F. Montgomery 1910-1978. The Pickering Press, nd|
|University of Delaware Special Collections|
|Morris Mertz, Anne. The First Presbyterian Church of Wilmington, Delaware. np, nd|
|University of Delaware Special Collections|
|Sweeny, John A. H. Henry Francis du Pont, 1880-1969, Observations on the Occasion of his birth May 27, 1980. The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum: Winterthur, DE, 1980|
|University of Delaware Special Collections|
|Wilmington Country Club, 1975, By-laws, rules and members. The Wilmington Country Club: Wilmington, DE, 1975|
|University of Delaware Special Collections|
|Wilmington, Delaware, Three Centuries Under Four Flags. The Tuttle Publishing Company, Inc.: Rutland, VT, 1937|
|University of Delaware Special Collections|
|Harold Brayman. Interpretation of President Roosevelt's Budget Message, 1931 January 8||1 aluminum disc||Box SPEC Media, Item 1|
|Gene Archer. High Noon. Reference Recording Instantaneous, 1953 April 14||1 aAcetate 78 RPM disc.||Box SPEC Media, Item 1|
|The United States Marine Corps Band, 1962||1 acetate disc. 2 sides. Includes autographed sleeve.||Box SPEC Media, Item 1|
Side 1: The Marines Hymn; Prelude to Act III, Lohengrin; Piece Concertante; Cole Porter Medley; Semper Fidelis
Side 2: The Stars and Stripes Forever; Rodgers and Hammerstien Medley; Hungarian Melodies; Chimes of Liberty; Flight of the Bumble-Bee; Largo Al Factotum; National Emblem
|Rudy Kauffinan and Marine Corps Orchestra. Big Bad Strom, Gridiron Dinner. , 1962 March 17||1 acetate 45 RPM disc||Box SPEC Media, Item 1|
|Gridiron Club 1964 Show, 1964||2 33 1/2 RPM acetate discs. 4 sides.||Box SPEC Media, Item 2|
|Norman Paris, His Orchestra Quintet, and the David Carter Singers. Wonderful World of Chemistry, New York World's Fair 1964-1965 , 1964-1965||1 acetate disc||Box SPEC Media, Item 1|
|Harold Brayman. Retirement Dinner. No. 4745, 1965 March 31||2 acetate discs. 4 sides.||Box SPEC Media, Item 2|