|Creator:||Bates, Arlo, 1850-1918|
|Call Number:||MSS 0373|
|Language:||Materials primarily in
|Abstract:||Letters, photographs, and an unidentified manuscript fragment from novelist, poet, and teacher, Arlo Bates, as well as letters written by his father-in-law, George L. Vose, a former professor of Civil Engineering at Bowdoin College. Includes correspondence from many well known novelists, poets, biographers, scholars, editors, publishers, composers, and statesmen.|
|Physical Description:||0.3s (153 items)|
|Immediate Source of Acquisition:||Purchase, April 1986|
|Processing Information:||Processed by Meghan J. Fuller, July 1998. Encoded by Jaime Margalotti, November 2021, Finding aid prepared using Describing Archives: A Content Standard|
|Alternative Format:||A digital copy of material in this collection is available at the University of Delaware Digital Institutional Repository.|
A novelist, poet, and teacher, Arlo Bates was born in East Machias, Maine, on December 16, 1850 to Dr. Niran Bates and Susan Thaxter Bates. He studied at Bowdoin College where he earned a Bachelor's degree in 1876 and a Master's degree in 1879. He received an honorary Litt.D in 1894.
Bates began writing while still a student at Bowdoin, and for a year after graduation, he painted china, tutored, and even worked as a clerk in a metal foundary. Eventually, he was offered the position of editor of the Boston Sunday Courier where he remained until 1893.
In 1882, he married Harriet Lenora Vose who was herself a published writer under the pseudonym, Eleanor Putnum. They collaborated on a novel, Prince Vance, published in 1886. Later that year, Harriet passed away, and every volume Bates published thereafter is dedicated to her. The couple had one son, Oric.
In 1893, Bates accepted a position as professor of English at Massachusettes Institute of Technology, where he stayed until his retirement in 1915. During this time, Bates lectured extensively and wrote several textbooks, including Talks on Writing English (1896); Talks on the Studies of Literature (1906); and Talks on Teaching Literature (1906).
Bates is the author of fourteen novels, including Patty's Perversities (1881); A Lad's Love (1887); In the Bundle of Time (1893); The Diary of a Saint (1902); and The Intoxicated Ghost (1908). In addition, Bates published seven volumes of poetry, including The Berries of the Briar (1886); Under the Beech Tree (1899); and Sonnet in Shadow (1887), a dirge in memory of his wife.
Bates passed away on August 24, 1918.
Kunitz, Stanley and Howard Haycraft, eds. American Authors, 1600-1900. New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1938.
A note in the collection indicates that George Leonard Vose was the father of Bates' wife, Harriet Lenora Vose. Bates and Harriet were married in 1882 and had one son, Oric. Harriet passed away in 1886. As indicated by the collection., Bates and his father-in-law remained close; in letters to his sister-in-law Persis N. Andrews, Vose frequently wrote about Bates and his success in the literary marketplace. In a 1901 letter to Andrews, Vose expressed his pride in his grandson Oric, then a freshman at Harvard University.
Vose himself was an academic; he was a highly respected professor of civil engineering at Bowdoin College where he authored a handbook for engineers, A Manual for Railroad Engineers and Engineering Students.
Biographical information derived from the collection.
The Arlo Bates and George L. Vose Papers comprise .3 linear feet (153 items) of letters, photographs, and an unidentified manuscript fragment. The collection spans the years 1879 to 1916 and includes correspondence from many well known novelists, poets, biographers, scholars, editors, publishers, composers, and statesmen.
Among those writers whose letters are included in this collection are Thomas Bailey Aldrich, Alice Brown, George Washington Cable, Margaret Deland, Mary Mapes Dodge, Louise Imogen Guiney, William Vaughn Moody, and Kate Douglas Wiggin. Bates also corresponded with editors and publishers, including Mary Louise Booth, Louise Chandler Moulton, and H.E. Scudder. In addition, the collection contains letters written by C. F. Adams, railroad magnate and grandson of former President John Quincy Adams; Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. Senator and orator; Charles W. Eliot, former President of Harvard University; and Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a New England abolitionist who commanded the first African American regiment raised in the South (the First South Carolina Volunteers) during the Civil War.
Taken together, Bates's letters offer an interesting critique of the literary marketplace of the time. For example, Alice Brown loved Margaret Deland's The Awakening of Helena Ritchie, whereas Bates did not like Robert Grant's novel, Face to Face. Grant enjoyed Bates' A Lad's Love, however, and called it "finished" and "graceful." The letters are peppered with praise and criticism for both established and up-and-coming writers.
Many letters reflect the difficulties of women writers struggling to break into a male dominated market. Many such writers ask for advice or thank Bates for his kind words and encouragement. Wrote aspiring novelist Julia von Stosch Schayer, "Your [criticism] has always done me good because I know you are competent in every way, and while unsparing, you are animated by no mean motive towards me. You would rather see me succeed than fail, I know" (F4). Indeed, it seems that Bates was an avid supporter of all arts and artists, and they supported him in return. The collection includes several touching letters written by friends and fellow writers following the death of Bates' wife, Harriet.
In sharp contrast to Bates' letters are those written by his father-in-law, George L. Vose, to Persis N. Andrews. Spanning the years 1900 through 1909, these letters were written after Vose's retirement from Bowdoin College where he was a professor of Civil Engineering. As indicated by the collection, Andrews was Vose's sister-in-law. During much of their nine-year correspondence, she lived in Paris while he remained at home on the coast of Maine. His letters to her are filled with local news of weddings and births and the sad passing of old friends. He vividly captures the landscape and eccentric characters of the small seaside community of Costine, Maine.
Box 1: Shelved in SPEC MSS manuscript boxes
The collection is open for research.
MSS 0373, Arlo Bates and George L. Vose papers, Special Collections, University of Delaware Library, Newark, Delaware.
MSS 0758, Bates family papers
Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library, https://library.udel.edu/static/purl.php?askspec
This collection is arranged in small groups by correspondence of Arlo Bates and George L. Vose; two folders of miscellaneous letters from Walter Shinlaw to Truman Howe Bartlett, and from Hermann Hagedorn to Bates' son, Oric; nine photographs; and an unidentified manuscript fragment.
All letters were written to Arlo Bates, unless otherwise noted.
A native of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Aldrich is perhaps best known for his novel, The Story of a Bad Boy, considered by many to be the first realistic portrayal of boyhood in American literature. He was a lifelong friend of Edwin Booth, who achieved celebrity status as the most accomplished Shakespearean actor of his day. Booth's accomplishments are often overshadowed, however, by the reputation of his brother, who assassinated President Lincoln in 1863.
|Autograph Letter Signed, undated||1 page||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1887 June 25||1 page||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1886 June 17||1 page||Box 1, F1|
This letter is written in French.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1901 January 21||2 pages||Box 1, F1|
Included on the reverse side of this letter is a typed letter from Bates to his father-in-law, George L. Vose.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1883 May 10||2 pages||Box 1, F1|
As editor of Harper's Bazzar, Booth tentatively accepted Bates' short story, "The Man who Committed Bigamy," if it were "considerably abridged."
|Autograph Letter Signed, [no year] July 29||3 pages||Box 1, F1|
A native of Brooklyn, New York, Lassetter is best known for his historical romances, including Agnes Surriage (1886); The Begum's Daughter (1890); and Zachary Phips (1892).
|Autograph Letter Signed, undated||1 page||Box 1, F1|
Born in New Orleans, Cable is best known for his vivid depiction of the French Creole culture of southern Louisiana. Among his many published works are The Creoles of Louisiana (1884), Strange True Stories of Louisiana (1889), The Flowers of the Chapdelaines (1918), and a short story collection, Old Creole Days (1879).
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1883 December 3||1 page||Box 1, F1|
An organist, conductor, and educator, Chadwick taught at the New England Conservatory and was eventually named its director. Among his best known pieces are "A Flower Cycle" and "Told in the Gate," both collaborations with lyricist Arlo Bates.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1891 July 30||4 pages||Box 1, F1|
A novelist and short story writer, many of Deland's novels have strong, independent heroines and deal with the issue of women's suffrage. Some of her best known include John Ward, Preacher (1888); The Awakening of Helena Ritchie (1906); The Rising Tide (1916); and The Vehement Flame (1922).
|Autograph Letter Signed, undated||4 pages||Box 1, F1|
The most revered children's writer of her time, Dodge's Hans Brinker and the Silver Skates is still widely read. She was the founding editor of St. Nicholas, a children's magazine which published many of the leading writers of the day including Rudyard Kipling and Mark Twain.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1887 January 29||3 pages||Box 1, F1|
A poet and novelist, Dorr published her first three books under the pseudonym, Caroline Thomas. Among her principle works are Farmingdale (1854), Lanmere (1856), and Sybil Huntington (1869).
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1894 February 4||3 pages||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1894 July 1||5 pages||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, undated||3 pages||Box 1, F1|
Director of the Boston Conservatory of Music
|Autograph Note Signed, 1891 April 10||1 page||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, [no year] April 13||3 pages||Box 1, F1|
A teacher, educator, and chemist, Eliot served as president of Harvard University from 1869 to 1909. Under his direction, the college earned an international reputation. He is the author of The Happy Life (1869); Educational Reform (1898); The Durable Satisfaction of Life (1910); and A Late Harvest (1924), among others.
|Typed Letter Signed, 1897 October 4||1 page||Box 1, F1|
Professor of Religion, Cambridge University
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1909 November 20||4 pages||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1887 September 23||4 pages||Box 1, F1|
Born in Boston, Grant was a lawyer and a judge as well as a novelist and poet. His experiences on the bench made their way into many of his novels, including The Average Man (1883); Unleavened Bread (1900); The Chippendales (1909); and The Bishop's Granddaughter (1925).
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1886 June 1||1 page||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1887 March 29||2 pages||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1887 September 6||2 pages||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1890 February 23||1 page||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1890 November 20||1 page||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1914 February 4||1 page||Box 1, F1|
|Autograph Letter Signed, undated||1 page||Box 1, F1|
Editor, Century Magazine
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1890 March 27||1 page||Box 1, F2|
|Autograph Note Signed, 1896 October 26||1 page||Box 1, F2|
A poet, essayist, journalist, and librarian, Guiney was born in Massachusettes but spent much of her life abroad. Her many poetry collections include Songs at the Start (1884); The White Sail and Other Poems (1887); and England and Yesterday (1898). She is also the co-author of several volumes with her good friend, Alice Brown.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1881 February 24||3 pages||Box 1, F2|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1887 March 6||2 pages||Box 1, F2|
A clergyman, soldier, editor, and writer, Higginson served as a colonel during the Civil War and commanded a regiment of African American soldiers, an experience he describes in his book, Army Life in a Black Regiment (1870). Higgison was also dedicated to furthering women's rights, an issue he detailed in his volume Common Sense About Women (1881).
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1886 May 20||3 pages||Box 1, F2|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1886 October 4||2 pages||Box 1, F2|
|Autograph Copy Signed, undated||1 page||Box 1, F2|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1889 February 1||2 pages||Box 1, F2|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1889 March 9||1 page||Box 1, F2|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1908 March 11||2 pages||Box 1, F2|
|Typed Letter Signed, undated||1 page||Box 1, F2|
An English poet, editor, and engraver, Linton began his career as the founder of the political magazine, The National. He also edited The Illuminated Magazine, and contributed political verses to the Dublin-based Nation. In 1866, he emigrated to New Haven, Connecticut, where he established a private press and a school for the study of wood engraving.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1890 October 7||1 page||Box 1, F2|
A lawyer, editor, and statesmen, Lodge served as editor of The North Atlantic Review from 1873 to 1876. In 1886 he was elected to the House of Representatives, and seven years later won a seat in the Senate where he served until his death. He is perhaps most remembered for his opposition to the League of Nations. Lodge also wrote the biographies of such figures as Alexander Hamilton, Daniel Webster, and George Washington.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1897 September 25||4 pages||Box 1, F2|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1895 February 27||1 page||Box 1, F2|
A poet, dramatist, and teacher, Moody taught at both Harvard University and the University of Chicago before embarking on a full-time career as a writer. Among his best known poems are those with political significance, including "Ode in Time of Hesitation," "On a Soldier Fallen in the Philippines," "Gloucester Moors," and "The Menagerie."
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1906 December 9||2 pages||Box 1, F3|
The author of no less than twenty volumes, many of them for children, Moulton was also a highly regarded journalist who wrote for both The New York Tribune and The Boston Sunday Herald. with an unassociated, autographed loose endleaf "to my friend Mrs. Moulton / Hamlin Garland / Feb. 14/90"
|Autograph Letter Signed, undated||2 pages||Box 1, F3|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1910 January 17||2 pages||Box 1, F3|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1886 March 15||2 pages||Box 1, F3|
A Canadian-born novelist, poor health forced Gilbert to seek the milder climate of Australia where he spent four years as an associate editor for the Sydney Morning Herald. After returning to Ontario, Gilbert produced several best selling novels including The Seats of the Mighty (1896) and The Right of Way (1901). He is considered one of Canada's finest writers.
|Autograph Letter Signed, [no year] January 15||2 pages||Box 1, F3|
|Autograph Letter Signed, [no year] January 19||3 pages||Box 1, F3|
A native of Massachusettes, Perry wrote poetry and children's stories, including Hope Benham (1894), and Mary Bartlett's Stepmother (1900).
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1884 March 10||3 pages||Box 1, F3|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1884 March 31||4 pages||Box 1, F3|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1886 March 15||6 pages||Box 1, F3|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1908 August 25||1 page||Box 1, F3|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1908 October 13||1 page||Box 1, F3|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1897 July 19||8 pages||Box 1, F3|
A native of New Brunswick, Roberts wrote many novels including Earth's Enigmas (1896); The Haunters of Silences (1907); Eyes of the Wilderness (1933); and The Heart of the Ancient Wood (1900), considered a classic by many Canadian critics.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1891 January 5||2 pages||Box 1, F3|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1891 August 17||1 page||Box 1, F4|
This is a poem written in Italian.
According to the collection, Schayer is Harriet L. (Vose) Bates' aunt
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1886 June 8||4 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, [no year] March 28||4 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, [no year] December 21||4 pages||Box 1, F4|
Biographer, critic, and juvenile writer, Scudder was perhaps most influential in his tenure as general editor for Houghton Mifflin, Co., a position he held for most of his adult life. Among those writers whose careers he helped launch are Hans Christian Anderson, Jacob Abbott, and Sarah Orne Jewett.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1886 July 6||1 page||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed , 1891 February 25||1 page||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1891 July 14||2 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1891 July 25||2 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1897 February 10||1 page||Box 1, F4|
A lawyer, teacher, diplomat, and author, Stimson taught law at Harvard University and served as an ambassador to Brazil and Argentina. He is the author of such works as Government by Injunction (1894); Labor and Its Relation to Laws (1895); The American Constitution (1908), and My United States (1931). He also wrote several volumes under his pseudonym, "S.J. of Dale."
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1903 March 4||1 page||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, [no year] February 4||1 page||Box 1, F4|
|Typed Card, undated||1 page||Box 1, F4|
This is a business card. The name printed on it is "R. Pearsall Smith."
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1908 October 1||1 page||Box 1, F4|
A banker, poet, and literary critic, Stedman was expelled from Yale in his Sophomore year. He later became the founder of the Author's Club, president of the American Copyright League of the National Institute of the Arts, and a well respected supporter of the arts. He received honorary degrees from Dartmouth, Columbia and Yale.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1889 July 27||2 pages||Box 1, F4|
A native of Massachusettes, Stoddard began his career as a poet, but when he could not support his family, he turned to Nathaniel Hawthorne who helped him get a job as a customs inspector. Stoddard returned the favor a few years later when he helped Herman Melville procure the same job. Stoddard is the author of several volumes, including Footprints (1849); The King's Bell (1863); The Book of the East and Other Poems (1871); and Recollections, Personal and Literary (1903).
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1888 May 11||2 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1896 July 30||4 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1898 September 22||2 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1899 March 24||2 pages||Box 1, F4|
An eccentric man, Train began his career as a businessman and amassed a fortune in a real estate venture in Nebraska. He made an unsuccessful run for president of the United States in 1868 and was later declared legally insane by no less than six courts. In the last years of his life, he refused to speak with adults and would only communicate with children.
|Autograph Copy Signed, undated||1 page||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1882 January 17||1 page||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, undated||Box 1, F4|
A teacher, novelist, and scholar, Wendell taught the first course in American Literature at Harvard University. He is best known for his scholarly work, including Cotton Mather, The Puritan Priest (1891); William Shakespeare (1894); The Temper of the Seventeenth Century in English Literature (1894); and A Literary History of America (1900).
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1885 December 5||4 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, undated||2 pages||Box 1, F4|
Best known for her juvenile fiction, Wiggen's most enduring and widely-read novel is Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1903). Her letters are signed Kate Douglas Riggs.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1909 December 30||2 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, [no year] December 23||4 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, [no year] December 16||2 pages||Box 1, F4|
An historian, librarian, and editor, Winsor was head of the Boston Public Library from 1868 to 1877, at which time he took over as librarian of Harvard University. He was a founder of the American Library Association and served as its president from 1876 to 1885. Among his published works are A Reader's Handbook of the American Revolution (1879); Christpher Columbus (1891); and an eight volume study, The Narrative and Critical History of America, which he edited from 1884 to 1889.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1892 February 16||2 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1885 April 17||2 pages||Box 1, F4|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1887 June 1||6 pages||Box 1, F4|
A native New Hampshirite, Brown was a well known dramatist, poet, short story writer, and novelist of her day. She is the author of such volumes as Meadow Grass (1895); Tiverton Tales (1899); Country Neighbors (1910); Vanishing Points (1913); and Children of Earth (1915).
|Autograph Letters Signed, 1884-1914||Box 1, F5|
Also included in this folder is a photograph of Brown.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1879 January 4||18 pages||Box 1, F6|
Bates to Harriet Lenora Vose, his future wife
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1916 January 15||8 pages||Box 1, F6|
Richard Vose to Bates
A poet and biographer, Hagedorn (1882-1964) was also a great admirer of Theodore Roosevelt, and wrote no less than six volumes about the former president and his family, including The Boys' Life of Theodore Roosevelt (1918); Roosevelt in the Bad Lands (1921); Roosevelt: Prophet of Unity (1924); and The Bugle that Woke America: The Saga of Theodore Roosevelt's Last Battle for His Country (1940). As indicated by the collection, Hagedorn and Oric Bates were close friends.
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1910 May 25||4 pages||Box 1, F7|
Included with this letter is a photograph of Hagedorn and his young daughter, Mary.
A lawyer, railroad expert, and historian, Adams served as president of the Union Pacific Railroad from 1884 to 1890. Dissatisfied with the life of a businessman, he quit his job to devote his attention to writing history. Among his many volumes are Three Episodes of Massachusettes History (1892), and Massachusettes: Its History and Historians (1893).
|Type Letter Signed, 1886 May 28||1 page||Box 1, F8|
|Type Letter Signed, 1886 December 24||1 page||Box 1, F8|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1900-1908||17 letters||Box 1, F9|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1908-1909||15 letters||Box 1, F10|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1881 February 21||7 pages||Box 1, F11|
|Autograph Letter Signed, 1881 March 2||7 pages||Box 1, F11|
|Bess Vose, undated||Box 1, F12|
Possibly Harriet L. (Vose) Bates' younger sister
|Frederic Jessup Stimson (1855-1943), 1887||Box 1, F12|
Inscribed "Arlo Bates, Esq. / xmas 1887 / Yours sincerely, FJ Stimson"
|Gertrude Chandler, undated||Box 1, F12|
Inscribed "Gertrude Chandler in dress of her great-grandmother"
|Ernest Richard Schayer, 1899 September 1||Box 1, F12|
Washington, D.C; possibly a relative of Harriet L. (Vose) Bates
|Jones Very (1813-1880), 1870||Box 1, F12|
A Boston-born poet and transcendentlist
|Unidentified woman, undated||Box 1, F12|
Inscribed "HCB's favorite"
|Unidentified woman, undated||Box 1, F12|
|Unidentified man, undated||Box 1, F12|
|Autograph Manuscript, undated||1 page||Box 1, F13|