Mergenthaler Linotype Company records

Creator: Mergenthaler Linotype Company
Abstract: The Mergenthaler Linotype Company arose during the nineteenth-century out of a number of mergers and takeovers of related businesses. The company developed and manufactured the first truly modern, functional linotype machine. Within three years, the company boasted one hundred daily newspapers as customers. uring its early years, the Mergenthaler Company aggressively defended itself against patent infringements, but by 1912, most of the original Linotype patents had expired. Eventually, cold type processes, which reproduced letters without using hot, i.e. metal type, rendered the Linotype obsolete. The Mergenthaler Linotype Company records contains five linear feet of material, spanning the dates 1887 to 1954, with the bulk of the material from 1900 to 1923. The collection represents only a limited portion of the company's history; information about the location of the remainder of the company's archive is unavailable from the University of Delaware Library. The extant archive includes correspondence, promotional material, histories, chronologies, photographs, drawings, patent records, and assorted parts and supply catalogs. Of particular interest is a paper strip from James Clephane's original paper matrix experiments, which led to the development of the Linotype.
Date(s): 1887-1954
Call Number: MSS 0520